This instrument/frequency chart from The Independent Recording Network (and Southside Productions) is the most detailed I’ve ever seen.
It shows the fundamental and harmonic ranges for more than 25 instruments (including drums,) along with the perception each creates (“boom”, “warmth”, “crunch”, etc.) in various segments of the audio spectrum. Tufte would be proud.
You can also download “Compression uncompressed,” a detailed ebook on compression techniques, from the Independent Recording Network’s main page.
[Note: updated 01/16/2007 with new permanent address. Thanks Glen]